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21
Storage / Re: TS-X4.0TL/R5 LCD display not working
« Last post by 1000001101000 on January 19, 2020, 11:48:13 am »
Shortly after I wrote that I got around to adding support to that device to my Debian installer along with a few of the other older devices.

Installer files and instructions can be found here:

https://buffalonas.miraheze.org/wiki/Installing_Debian_on_MV78100_Devices
https://github.com/1000001101000/Debian_on_Buffalo

I don't believe I've done any benchmarks on this particular for network transfers. On the devices that I have run such tests on it usually seems that I can get more or less the maximum speed from the drive/sata controller/Ethernet controllers when performing raw transfer tests. For end to end tests of random r/w over samba the limiting factor seems to CPU/memory bound.

I've spent a little time looking for guides for faster configurations but never found a definitive guide for maximizing transfer speed for these types of configurations. I'd love it if someone put something like that together.



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Storage / Re: TS-X4.0TL/R5 LCD display not working
« Last post by Kane88 on January 19, 2020, 10:52:34 am »
I suppose you could check to see if the cable to the lcd module came loose or something.

If the microcontroller wasn't working the device would probably not work, at the very least the leds/fans/lcd backlight/buttons would not work properly. If all of those work as expected you can be fairly sure it's just an lcd problem.

I've created a library for interfacing with the microcontroller on these devices, though it needs to be running linux (not the stock firmware) to work.
https://github.com/1000001101000/Python_buffalo_libmicon

I've been working on getting this model running linux but haven't had much success so far, I can get it to boot and recognize most of the hardware but haven't got sata working (kind of important on a nas). I have been able to confirm that the microcontroller library works on this model.

If I ever get the whole thing working that would give you some more tools to troubleshoot with but ultimately if the LCD isn't displaying messages and removing power from the microcontroller doesn't work it pretty much has to be an iccue with the lcd or it's connection to the board.

If you get around to getting linux working, let me know.  I'd be happy to test out any install packages and such.  I'm trying to find a purpose for these older units, as they are pretty limited by only having SMB 1.x protocol with the stock firmware.

These units are interesting, even if they are a little slow.  Which brings up a question.  Is the 30mb/sec write transfer rate maximum, a result of the hardware limits on these older units?  Or was that more of a buffalo software programming thing?  It's funny that these units have gigabit ethernet ports, yet they don't even hit half of that xfer speed.

Is there a way to check to see if NAND is actually installed on these, and is just blank?  When this model boots, it detects 0 NAND.
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Storage / Re: Buffalo WS-WV4.0TL/R1 Windows Server 2012 R2 / 2016 help
« Last post by Kane88 on January 19, 2020, 10:19:55 am »
Great, thanks!  Hope it works for you.  Fingers crossed.
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Storage / Re: Buffalo WS-WV4.0TL/R1 Windows Server 2012 R2 / 2016 help
« Last post by 1000001101000 on January 19, 2020, 08:59:16 am »
What you're describing sounds very much like what happens if you try to install the firmware on the 4/6/8 drive models with less than 4 drives.

I would hope/assume that the installer would somehow know that it's the 2-bay model and act accordingly but I've never had a ts-wvhl.

I'll see if I can get the ts-6vhl to install with just 2 drives and share the procedure.
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Storage / Re: need boot-image recovery software
« Last post by Kane88 on January 19, 2020, 02:47:10 am »
count me in as well, installed two new 1TB drives (diskpart cleaned) I have tried firmware update from pc ("no terrastation that needs updating was found")and setup ftfp server (@192.168.11.1 no security no firewall sharing the folder containing all files included with the firmware updater) but nothing working so far. many old forums but most links are dead or error not exactly the same.

any help would be appreciated.

I can confirm the steps from that post work for this model.  I just finished doing this one.  Extracting the files using the password keys is a pain, but it does work.

Put ALL of the extracted files from the initrd and the uimage in the same folder with the tftp app.  It will work.
26
Storage / Re: Reinstalling to an out-of warranty NAS with blank drives
« Last post by Kane88 on January 19, 2020, 01:38:13 am »
Well i got the TS working i have a problems with drive 4, giving me an error, i'm thinking of just replacing all 4 drives and start new, does anyone know if my Terrastation TS-XEL7D8, (TS-XEL/R5 series) could handle larger size NAS drives? it currently has 4 2TB drives.
Well i got the TS working i have a problems with drive 4, giving me an error, i'm thinking of just replacing all 4 drives and start new, does anyone know if my Terrastation TS-XEL7D8, (TS-XEL/R5 series) could handle larger size NAS drives? it currently has 4 2TB drives.
Have you replaced the drives in it yet?   There is a TS-XE16.0TL, so looks like 4's were the most buffalo shipped out for that model.  Maybe it goes higher?  Unknown.  I can confirm 4tb drives do work in that model.  I've tried it.

Also, for future reference, this is what you need.  What you were doing to wipe- won't work.  You need a drive zeroing utility or drive wipe utility.

http://www.killdisk.com/killdisk-mac.htm

Or I'd look to see if Western Digital has wddiag for mac, that will wipe anything.  And should be free also.
And DBAN- darik's boot and nuke works- that's freeware stuff too, but you'd have to make a bootable usb flash drive for that one. 


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Storage / Re: Buffalo WS-WV4.0TL/R1 Windows Server 2012 R2 / 2016 help
« Last post by Kane88 on January 19, 2020, 01:26:14 am »
I'll try it out on my ts-6vhl (same generation) when I get a chance.
Ok, thanks.  I appreciate it. :)
It has to be something simple.  I'm 100% certain I am doing the firmware update the correct way.
I've tried it from two different pc's now since last post, and same results.

Is there a number of disks check routine or something in either the iso boot files, or in the firmware itself?

I noticed when I tried to flash a different unit tonight, a TS-XE4.0TL/R5, it also failed, and similar way- kinda sorta.
Now on that one- I have no console to watch.
I was using just 2 wiped disks with that unit, and that one is a 4 disk unit.
The updater didn't even attempt to write the bios code file. That screen didn't pop up at all, and that screen usually does come up when the updater works right and is transferring the firmware blocks to the NAS.  That screen also has not popped up one time in all the attempts on the WS-WV either, not once. 

So, I put 4 wiped disks in that one- the TS-XE, and it flashed just fine.

Now on the WS-WV unit we're converting:
That one is only a 2 drive bay unit.
When I watch the console, the updater is trying to write to 4 drives.  It's never going to find 4 drives, since the unit doesn't support 4...
Maybe this is the problem?
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Storage / Re: Buffalo WS-WV4.0TL/R1 Windows Server 2012 R2 / 2016 help
« Last post by 1000001101000 on January 18, 2020, 08:52:36 pm »
I'll try it out on my ts-6vhl (same generation) when I get a chance.
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Storage / Re: LS220DE Hard Drive upgrade question
« Last post by Kane88 on January 18, 2020, 08:25:40 pm »
IDK if you have done this upgrade yet or not.  But you're going to want to back up all of that 2tb of data before you get started.
Unless you're a linux expert, those drives don't just plug into a windows machine.  The Linux ext file system doesn't work with windows.

As our numbers friend has said, the upgrade won't work that way.  If you do rebuild the array twice to get the disks in there
1. that's going to take a long time and
2. you're going to have 4tb of unallocated space.  I don't recall if you can or cannot use the unallocated on these units, to make another array.
Since you only have 2tb of data, you are better off doing a new array from scratch anyway.

As to growing the arrays as you increase capacity:  There are other brands of units out there that do it.  They're more of an enterprise level device.  They're super expensive, buffalo doesn't make them either.  And no, the linkstations won't do it.

Direct connecting usb drives to the linkstation unit- I wish you luck.  The usb with those units has been extremely finnicky for some people.  I never got drives formatted internally- to work when hooked up on a dock externally.  It would always see them as blank and want to format them.  Flash drives would read fine, but connect a windows formatted hard drive with data on it- it didn't like it either.  It wanted to format it too.

I would not trust connecting a drive directly to the usb port to the linkstation- for any kind of backup.  I do all my backups with drives connected directly to my windows pc.  It's a lot less headache, and you can restore the backups on them from pretty much any machine that way.  If your buffalo unit dies, your external drives formatted with that unit will only be read- by a linux os pretty much.  Save yourself the headache and forget the extra port, unless you want to keep a 3rd disk online with it 24/7 and share it, or sharing a printer.  That's about all the port is really good for.

And remember your raid 1 is not a backup.  It is just fault tolerant to keep your data active online, and that is all it does.  It still has to be backed up to an offline disk.
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Storage / Re: Buffalo WS-WV4.0TL/R1 Windows Server 2012 R2 / 2016 help
« Last post by Kane88 on January 18, 2020, 08:03:39 pm »
sounds like a lot of progress. when you do get it working, let me know what I should add to the wiki pages to make it clearer.

tsupdater only shows compatible devices so we can be pretty sure that we've got the right firmware if you're getting the option to update at all. I would recommend trying with completely blank drives and checking all boxes except 'update boot' . That should allow it to create the partitions and raid arrays, format them, and perform the install.

On some occasions I've had it fail similar to what you describe and just ran the install again and had it succeed which is also worth a try.

If it sill gives you trouble post as much of the boot log as you can and we can work on where it's failing. One time I manually ran the partitioning script via the command line to get it to move forward. I can walk you through that if necessary though I'll need to dig up my notes about it.

I think we're going to need those notes, whenever you have some time to find them.  No matter what I try, this firmware update is not able to open the disks for writing.  I see that error over and over on the consle, every time run the updater.  And as before- it cannot create the raid array.

When I go to view the disks before wiping them, there certaily are partition tables and several partitions written to them.

I've tried it several ways.  I did what you just mentioned about.  I did what you have on your site.  I even did it my way that works fine with other units.  And I tried the noformatting at 1 and at 0 also (your doc says 1, Before today, I always used zero with other buffalo devices, and never this kind of a problem, it has always updated other models just fine)

I have no idea how to log the installer to where to where I could save it and post the results here. 

I've tried 4k sector disks that worked fine with Windows 2008 on these units
and also a pair of older 512byte sector disks too.

Same result, so it's not a sector size problem.

Does anyone have an older copy of the firmware I could try?  I wonder if it is something specific to this 1.32 version.


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